Discover some of the people who are born or who died on December 25, and major events which occurred on the same day as Christmas.

People born on Christmas Day

Justin Trudeau

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Pierre James Trudeau was born in 1971 in Ottawa.

He has served as Canada’s 23rd prime minister since November 4, 2015, and has been leader of the Liberal Party since 2013.

Marco Mengoni

Italian singer Marco Mengoni was born in 1988 in Ronciglione, Lazio.

Mengoni rose to fame after winning The X Factor in Italy.

He became the first Italian artist ever to win Best European Act and the MTV Europe Music Awards in 2010.

Photo: ANSA

Isaac Newton

English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, theologian, and author, Sir Isaac Newton, was born in 1642 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire.

He is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution.

Humphrey Bogart

American actor Humphrey DeForest Bogart was born in 1899 in New York City.

His performances in numerous films during the Classical Hollywood era made him an American cultural icon.

Conrad Hilton

American businessman and hotelier Conrad Nicholson Hilton was born in 1887 in San Antonio, New Mexico.

He was the founder of the Hilton Hotels chain.

Anwar Sadat

Egyptian politician Muhammad Anwar al-Sādāt was born in 1918 in Mit Abou El-Kom.

He was the third President of Egypt, serving from October 15, 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on October 6, 1981.

Helena Christensen

Danish supermodel and photographer, Helena Christensen, was born in 1968 in Copenhagen.

She is a former Victoria’s Secret Angel and beauty queen, and has also served as creative director for Nylon magazine, designed clothing, and supported funding for breast cancer organisations and other charities.

Photo: AAP/Antonio Calanni

Gué Pequeno

Italian rapper Cosimo Fini, better known as his stage name Gué Pequeno, was born in 1980 in Milan.

The son of Italian journalist Marco Fini, he has been active since 1997 and sang with Mahmood at this year’s edition of Sanremo.

Photo: ANSA

People who died on Christmas Day

Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin KBE, known in Italy as “Charlot”, was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. 

Born in London on April 16, 1889, he wrote more than 90 films throughout his life.

He died in 1977 in Switzerland, aged 88.

Photo: ANSA

Joan Miró

Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist whose acclaimed work has been interpreted as Surrealism.

Born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893, he died in 1983 in Mallorca, aged 90.

Dean Martin

Dino Paul Crocetti, known famously as Dean Martin, was an American actor, singer and comedian.

One of the most popular and enduring American entertainers of the mid-20th century, he was born in Ohio to Abruzzese parents on June 7, 1917.

Photo: ANSA

Giorgio Strehler

Giorgio Strehler was an Italian opera and theatre director.

He was born in Barcola, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, on August 14, 1921.

He died in the Swiss city of Lugano in 1997, aged 76.

James Brown

James Joseph Brown, often referred to as the “Godfather of Soul” and “Soul Brother No. 1”, was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.

Born in Barnwell, South Carolina, on May 3, 1933, he was progenitor of funk music and a major figure of 20th century music and dance.

He influenced many musical genres including gospel, rhythm & blues, soul, funk, rap and disco music.

He died in Altlanta, Georgia, in 2006, aged 73.

Photo: ANSA

George Michael

Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou, better known as George Michael, was an English singer, songwriter, record producer, and philanthropist who rose to fame as a member of the music duo Wham! and later embarked on a solo career.

Born in London on June 25, 1963, he sold over 80 million records worldwide making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time.

He died in Oxfordshire in 2016, aged 53.

Photo: ANSA

Giorgio Bocca

Giorgio Valentino Bocca was an Italian essayist and journalist, also known for his participation in the World War II partisan movement.

Born in Cuneo, Piedmont, on August 28, 1920, he was one of the most renowned writers of the 20th century in Italy.

He died in Milan in 2011, aged 91.

On this day...

336 – Rome records the first Christmas celebration in history.

354 Pope Liberius makes December 25 the official date of Christmas.

390 The bishop of Milan, Ambrose, excommunicates Emperor Theodosius and forces him to repent for the massacre of 7000 people at Thessalonica. 

537 Justinian commissions the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.

800 Charlemagne is crowned the Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III.

995 Norway celebrates a Christian Christmas for the first time.

1038 The word for Christmas in late Old English Cristes Maesse is used for the first time.

1075 Pope Gregory VII is attacked by the Romans during Christmas Mass.

1194 Henry VI, a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, is crowned King of Sicily in Palermo.

1223 Francis of Assisi creates the first living nativity scene in Greccio.

1249 The Crusaders are attacked by the Turks in Damietta.

1492 Christopher Columbus’ flagship the Santa María runs aground and sinks on the north coast of Hispaniola.

1521 The Lutherans celebrate the first Christmas Mass in German in Wittenberg.

1538 Mexico’s first Christmas Mass is celebrated by Fray Pieter van der Moere, also known as Fray Pedro de Gante.

Saint Ignatius of Loyola celebrates his first mass.

1599 The Portuguese found the capital of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal.

1604 French settlers off the coast of the future Maine celebrate Christmas for the first time in what would later become the United States.

1643 The captain of the British Navy, William Mynors, discovers an island and calls it “Christmas Island”.

1758 Johann Georg Palitzsch recovers Halley’s Comet.

Photo: ANSA

1818 Stille Nacht (Silent Night) is heard for the first time in a village church in Oberndorf, Austria.

1914 Just past midnight German troops on the western front cease fire and begin singing Christmas songs.

Crossing “no man’s land”, they exchange gifts with their enemies.

1926 Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan, succeeding Emperor Yoshihito.

1932 A 7.6 magnitude earthquake hits Gansu, China, killing more than 70,000 people.

1938 Fishermen discover a new fish of the coast of South Africa: the coelacanth, which was believed to have been extinct since the end of the Cretaceous period.

1939 A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickins was read on the radio for the first time (CBS radio).

1941 Hong Kong surrenders to the Japanese.

1947 The Constitution of the Republic of China is adopted.

1974 Cyclone Tracy strikes Darwin with winds of up to 320 kilometres an hour.

The cyclone killed 50 people and destroyed 95 per cent of homes, leaving around 30,000 homeless.

Photo: AAP/John Coomber

1977 Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin meets with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.

1989 Communist dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena are sentenced to death after being tried and convicted of economic sabotage and genocide.

1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Soviet President.

1996 The ship F174 sinks off the coast of Sicily overnight, while transporting illegal immigrants.

The number of deaths remains unknown, but at least 283 men, women and children perished.

It was the biggest maritime tragedy in the Mediterranean since World War II.

2003 A Boeing 727 crashed in the Bight of Benin, Africa, killing 141 people, most of them Lebanese. 

Photo: AAP

2004 The Cassini shuttle releases the Huygens probe that will land on Titan, one of Saturn’s moons.

2016 A Russian military plane crashes in the Black Sea.

There were 92 people on board, including the Red Army Choir.